About Belgrade

About Belgrade

"It is no Rome or Paris, and therein lies its appeal -- no matter that it is battered, ragged and faded, Belgrade's charm is simply irrepressible. ... It [Belgrade] is a city where you can dance until sunrise seven nights a week, where hospitality crackles in the air, and where looking good is a birthright and a religion in one."
("24 hours in Belgrade" by Tom Owen, CNN Traveller)

The town on two rivers, the Danube and the Sava, Belgrade is one of the oldest European towns and, besides Athens, the largest urban centre in the Balkans.

Its oldest archaeological sites date back from the fifth millennium B.C. Singidunum was founded by Celtic tribes in the 3rd century B.C., and it was in 989 that the name of Belgrade was mentioned for the first time. In its long and turbulent history Belgrade was conquered by forty different armies, and it rose from ashes thirty-eight times.

Belgrade is the Serbian capital with the population of 1.6 million people. Its geographic position makes it an important road, rail and air intersection connecting the Near and Middle East with the Western, Northern and Southern Europe, as well as an international river port and telecommunications centre.

The town covers 3.6% of Serbia's territory. People living in Belgrade make 15.8% of Serbia's population and 31.2% of the employed. Belgrade has developed significant industrial and agricultural resources, in particular, in the area of metal, metal processing and electronic industry, trade and banking.

The duty-free zone covers 2000 square meters across the area of Belgrade, Smederevo and Pancevo, along the Danube banks. Belgrade generates 30% of the Serbian GDP.

Belgrade is the centre of Serbia's culture, education and science. Most of national scientific and art institutions are located in Belgrade. The Serbian Academy of Science and Arts was founded in 1886, as the Serbian Royal Academy; National Library of Serbia was founded in 1832; the National Museum in 1841, and the National Theatre in 1869. The beginnings of the University of Belgrade date back from 1808. Belgrade is also the centre of the University of Art.

It is the only city, beside Constantinople, dedicated to the Mother of God.

Belgrade has the status of the independent territorial unit in Serbia, and its fully autonomous city government.

Its territory is divided into 17 locally governed municipalities.

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